Questions and answers about
the UK economy.

New PostRecession & recovery

Three centuries of UK business cycles: what lessons for today?

Evidence from 300 years of peaks and troughs in UK economic activity reveals that while the frequency of recessions has declined to a historical low, the duration and amplitude have not. A recession may result from a variety of causes, with a typical cost to the economy of 4% of initial GDP.

Data Hub

Live and interactive charts and visualisations, making sense of the latest numbers

Energy & climate change

How can carbon tagging digital payments help to tackle climate change?

The majority of the goods and services that we purchase each day generate greenhouse gas emissions. Linking the digital data on these transactions to their carbon footprint could help households and businesses to make more informed decisions, and enable better targeted policy interventions.

Schools, universities & training

Teacher strikes: what consequences for pupils?

Many schools in England and Wales will close this week as teachers go on strike for better pay and working conditions. Research shows that pupils may suffer consequences that can last a lifetime. The costs of industrial action reveal the large value that teachers bring to the economy.

Schools, universities & training

How might changes in student visa provision affect UK immigration levels?

Net migration to the UK has reached record highs. International students are included in the immigration statistics and the government has implied it may seek to limit their future numbers. More research is needed to design effective policies on student visas and post-study work rights.

Banks & financial markets

Will the Edinburgh Reforms help to boost UK consumer spending?

In late 2022, the Chancellor announced a package of regulatory initiatives for the UK’s financial sector. How the so-called Edinburgh Reforms will affect consumer spending – and the country’s economic performance more broadly – is uncertain. But a ‘turbocharging’ of economic growth seems unlikely.

Schools, universities & training

How can education and skills contribute to levelling up?

Education and skills contribute to differences in earnings and opportunities across generations, both at the national level and between local authorities in England. Targeted policies can help to reduce the gaps between individuals and contribute to efforts to level up the UK economy.

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